Are you looking to learn how to make organic compost?
This tutorial will help you do that.
And with the best products, I have composted my own easily from organic materials that seem to be thrown away.
If you want to help, your plants grow more effectively by adding compost.
Let's jump in right now!
Step #1: Know what organic compost is
Organic compost is organic materials that have biodegraded or decomposed to the point where you can put it on your plant.
To gardeners, organic compost is considered "black gold" because of its many benefits and nutrients in the garden.
What does that mean?
That means you don't need to waste your leftovers anymore.
Moreover, composting isn't as hard as you've been led to believe.
Anyone can compost as long as they understand the basics of this all-natural process.
We come with...
Cold composting & hot composting
A cold composting process is primarily anaerobic. That means microorganisms thrive in an oxygen-deprived environment.
If you do not hurry and have no time, cold composting is the best process for you.
It breaks down organic matter slowly and is good enough if you have little organic waste to compost.
The issue with cold composting is that it produces a coarser compost with lots of large pieces of the original materials.
The cold composting process will also not reach a high enough temperature during decomposition to kill off pathogens.
Because of that, it is likely to have more nutrients than hot compost.
On the other hand, hot composting is an aerobic process (uses oxygen) of rapid decomposition at high temperatures.
Hot composting combines carbon and nitrogen in the optimum ratio to decompose organic waste.
This decomposition is performed mainly by microorganisms adapted to working at high temperatures with the right balance of air and water.
Unlike cold composting, the high temperature of the pile will effectively destroy disease pathogens, weed seeds, weed roots, and weeds.
Moreover, this process also breaks down the organic material much better to produce very fine compost.
If you are determined to have your own compost ready in time to add to your vegetable garden soil or start a new garden, hot composting may be worth trying.
The composting process
The composting process involves four main components: organic matter, moisture, oxygen, and bacteria.
Organic matter includes plant materials and some animal manures.
Organic materials used for compost should include a mixture of:
Moisture is important to support the composting process, and the water provides moisture to help break down the organic matter.
You can compare your compost to the wetness of a wrung-out sponge.
Because the pile is too dry, materials will decompose very slowly.
That is why you should regularly add water to the compost pile to speed it up.
Bacteria and other microorganisms are the real workers in the composting process, and oxygen is needed to support the breakdown of plant material by bacteria.
To supply oxygen, you will need to turn the compost pile so that materials at the edges are brought to the pile'scenter.
When the bacteria decompose the materials, they release heat, which is concentrated in the center of the pile.
How long does your organic compost take?
The amount of time you need to produce your organic compost depends on the size of the compost pile, the types of materials, the surface area of the materials, and the number of times the pile is turned.
The bigger piles (3 - 5 feet cubed or 27 - 125 cu ft) allows the pile's center to heat up sufficiently to break down materials.
Smaller piles will take longer to produce finished compost.
The more brown organic materials the pile has, the more time it may take to finish.
You should speed up the process by adding more green materials or a fertilizer with nitrogen.
The ideal ratio of carbon to nitrogen in the compost materials needs to be between 2.5 to 3 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogen by weight (2.5:1 - 3:1).
By breaking materials down into smaller parts (chipping, shredding, etc.), the time needed for composting will decrease because the materials' surface area increases.
Finally, the number of times you turn the pile will influence composting speed.
Cold composting is usually from 50 to 110 degrees Fahrenheit.
This is considered “slow” composting and is lower maintenance, so a cold pile can take 6 months to 3 years to finish composting.
You should not include weeds, meat, or dairy because the pile doesn’t reach the desired temperature to kill its pathogens.
Moreover, cold composting is a slow anaerobic process so that nitrogen and carbon are lost to the atmosphere.
This will cause a reduction in the volume of your organic compost to 20% of the original volume.
For hot composting, there are 3 main phases:
- 1Moderate temperature
This phase lasted for a couple of days. It's when you start to construct a compost pile and leave it there.
The temperature reaches up to 90 degrees Fahrenheit and beyond.
There is a rapid growth of Mesophilic bacteria and fungi that break down soluble sugars and starches.
That's why the temperature rises slightly.
- 2High temperature
This phase lasted for a few weeks. Now is the time to let the microorganisms do their job.
The hot composting process needs to reach 55-65 °C (131-149 °F).
As temperatures increase well beyond 120 degrees F, Thermophilic bacteria, actinomycetes, and heat-tolerant fungi populate the pile.
They break down proteins, fats, hemicellulose, and cellulose.
At temperatures over 65 °C (149 °F), a white "mold" spreads through the compost, which is actually some anaerobic thermophilic composting bacteria.
This bacteria appears when the compost gets too hot, over 65 °C, and short of oxygen, and it disappears when the temperature drops and aerobic composting bacteria take over once again.
Eventually, the organisms begin to run out of food, and so the compost pile's temperature drops.
This phase lasted for several months.
Temperatures drop back down below 140 degrees F, allowing Mesophilic actinomycetes, bacteria, and fungi to enter the pile.
Over this several-month period, the microorganisms break down lignin and other highly resistant compounds.
Hot composting is a fast aerobic process (uses oxygen), so the given volume of compost materials produces almost the same volume of finished compost.
Finally, your organic compost is ready to use.
Your finished organic compost
Let me remind you that the last stage of composting is called 'curing'.
It means you set aside the pile, not added to or turned, and the temperature will lower to finish the process.
This final step can take you 1 month to 1 year, depending on your type of composting technique.
Anyway, you want to know approximately when your finished organic compost is ready to use, right?
There are a few things I can tell you when testing it:
With some of these signs, you can confidently judge your organic compost's quality on your own.
If you want to know more correctly, you can check The US Composting Council Seal of Testing Assurance program for compost quality testing.
That's all for step #1.
This step shows you what cold compost and hot compost are. You also know what exactly that process is working.
Good luck with your ideas about the organic materials you want to try.
Now we move to the next step.
Step #2: Add organic compost to your soil because of these reasons
Composting requires some effort but is a delightful job.
Once you get used to making them, organic compost will bring back a lot of benefits.
Reduces amount of your waste
You know, even if we do everything possible to decrease food waste, there will still be food scraps that cannot be consumed (e.g., a banana peel).
Composting is a great way to recycle the organic waste that seems to have been thrown away.
Surprisingly, such organic waste is very valued by plants.
And you know how to do it, right?
Save your money
Once you know how to add nutrients to the soil, you don't need expensive fertilizers but bet on quality anymore.
With the money you save, you'll invest in high-quality garden tools.
And as the crop grows, you will reduce the amount of food you have to buy from the supermarket.
That cycle will help your finances get better.
Improve your soil structure and nutrients
We all know organic compost not only improves soil health but also lessens erosion.
When your soil texture is good, it will hold more nutrients.
Compost contains three primary nutrients needed by garden crops: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
It also includes traces of other essential elements like calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc.
Moreover, adding compost prevents your soil from becoming too acidic or alkaline.
All those things will be the ideal environment for microorganisms.
Boost water retention
Research has shown the water-retaining capacities of soil increase with the addition of organic matter.
Natural proteins in compost help dirt bind together, which helps soil retain nutrients and moisture.
It means the plants that grow in that soil will need less irrigation.
Those are the benefits you get by adding compost to your garden.
You also can't wait to try it, so let's jump into the next step.
Step #3: How to compost at home
Before we jump into learning how to make compost, let me remind you of some of the requirements to making it successful.
After that, let's learn how to create your own organic compost step-by-step.
Step #1 – Collect your organic waste
This step is very easy. You just walk around and collect all your organic waste from your kitchen or garden.
Don't overthink. Pick up anything that you think is recyclable.
When you've done, we'll move to the next step.
Step #2 – Classify your organic materials
There is no need to be completely precise. You just need to divide your organic materials up relatively.
Dried organic material will contain a lot of carbon. On the other hand, fresh organic material will have a lot of nitrogen.
To classify it more precisely, you can refer to the table below.
Browns = High Carbon
Greens = High Nitrogen
Dead house plants
Dried grass clippings
Paper egg cartons
Shredded brown paper bags
You should not include some materials like:
Do not compost
Ashes from coal/ barbecue briquettes
Contain toxic chemicals
Black walnut tree leaves or twigs
Releases substances that might be harmful to plants
Bleached paper (e.g. office paper)
Contain toxic chlorine-based chemicals
Citrus peels and onions
Repel earthworms. Too much, they can kill the compost bacteria
Will rot, smell unpleasant, and attract pests such as rodents
Can cause diseases to spread in the garden
Attract animals and make it hard for oxygen to get through
Fish and meat scraps, fats, or foods containing these
Will rot, smell unpleasant, and attract pests such as rodents
Cannot be decomposed
Glossy or coated paper (e.g. magazines)
Contain toxic chemicals
Cannot be decomposed
Noxious and invasive weeds which regrow from cuttings, seeds or roots
May root and sprout either in the pile or, in the location where the compost is spread
Personal hygiene products (such as tissues, tampons)
Unhygienic and health hazard
Pet waste from non-vegetarian animals
Contain many pathogens which are a health hazard and can cause diseases
Plants treated with toxic pesticides and herbicides
Will contaminate compost, soil, and food with toxic chemicals
Cannot be decomposed
Sales receipts and thermal paper
Contain a mix of toxic chemicals that shouldn’t be composted
Sticky labels (such as the ones on produce and packaging)
Are made of plastic and contain toxic chemicals in the glue
Treated wood pieces or sawdust
Contain highly toxic copper, chromium, and arsenic, which will contaminate soil
Vacuum cleaner dust and dryer lint
Contain too many synthetic fibers which don’t break down
Step #3 – Setup your organic compost
You can choose anywhere, but the ideal compost location is a dry and shady spot.
If that place is poor drainage, the compost may get too soggy. It will not reach to temperature to decomposing effectively.
You also do not want to leave it in a sunny environment, because it will dry up too quickly, and you must keep adding water.
Pick your composting tools
You need the help of some gardening tools at this step.
Those may be compost bin, compost thermometer, etc.
Anyway, just pick some and prepare for the pile you set at the chosen location.
Your first day composting
You start your pile by adding alternate thin layers of greens and browns.
You should chop your materials with a machete or shovel, run them through a shredding machine, or run over them with your lawnmower.
Because the shredded materials compost very rapidly.
With each layer, you can wet them a little bit. It will help your pile decomposing faster.
Your compost piles should be between 3 feet to 5 feet. The smaller will have trouble heating up, and the bigger may not allow enough air to reach the center.
After providing moisture, you will end your pile with a layer of browns.
At this moment, your organic compost is ready to decompose. Finally, you should leave the pile alone for at least 4 days.
Step #4 – Maintain the pile
Turn the pile
After 4 days or so, you can turn your compost pile.
You must turn the outside to the inside and the inside to the outside.
It means you move the outside of the pile to a spot next to it and keep moving material from the outside the new bundle.
When you've finished, you should ensure that moisture stays constant.
You can test by squeezing a handful of the compost materials.
The ideal, it should only release one drop of water or almost drips a drop.
The next day, you want to let the compost pile sit, no turning and no moving.
It will take you 2 days more.
At this stage, your composting process may have taken at least 6 days.
You should measure the temperature at the core of the compost heap on the seventh.
If nothing goes wrong, the pile will reach its maximum temperature on these days.
Let me remind you that the hot composting process needs to reach an optimum temperature of 55-65 °C (131-149 °F).
So that use a compost thermometer or a cake thermometer for this purpose is the best idea.
When you're done with checking the temperature, you will turn your compost pile again.
Finally, you should allow the compost to rest on the next day after turning it.
Rinse and repeat
You will do all this process on days 9 and repeat on days 11, 13, 15, etc.
To clearly, you will continue to turn the compost every 2nd day (9,11,13,15,...)
And let the composting rest for a day after turning it (10,12,14,16...).
If you want that your organic compost decomposes faster, you can add some vermicompost to the pile.
Earthworms present in vermicompost will accelerate the process of becoming a finished compost.
You can do this process once every 2 days for 3 weeks without vermicompost.
If you don't have time, you can turn it in every 3 to 7 days, and the pile will take 4 weeks to 3 months to decompose into compost.
Step #5 – Harvest your completed compost
When your pile looks like dark brown loam soil, warm, smells good, and you can't pick out any original ingredients.
It's time to harvest your result.
You can test it by “bag test” to know more precisely.
First, you take a handful of your organic compost and put it in a sealed plastic bag.
After 3 days, open the bag and smell.
If it smells sour, the compost is not finished curing and still has microorganisms at work.
If it smells pleasant and earthy, it’s ready to use.
Congratulate yourself because you are now have done your work.
Step #4: Use your organic compost
Once you have finished your organic compost, you can add it to the soil at any time without the fear of burning plants.
It will help improve the structure and overall health of your soil.
Your soil amendments
A soil amendment is any material added to the soil to improve its physical properties.
Organic compost is a fantastic soil amendment, especially when your soil is too lacks nutrients.
It will improve soil structure, promoting airflow while retaining moisture in your garden soil.
When you start a new garden or prepare garden soil, mix it with the soil you're preparing.
Your plants will grow better, thanks to the nutrients in your organic compost.
How about the ratio?
It's very simple. Just try and refine till you have the perfect soil mix recipes.
A mulch is a layer of material applied to the soil surface.
Mulch has many benefits to the soil.
It retains moisture, protects from erosion and compaction, deters weeds from growing, keeps temperatures steady, and adds nutrients to the soil as it decomposes.
Using organic compost as mulch is very easy.
First, you spread a layer over the surface of your soil. The thickness is up to you.
Finally, don't forget to use garden tools to distribute it evenly.
Compost tea is a liquid fertilizer.
It has extracted and concentrated the beneficial microorganisms found in your organic compost.
To apply compost tea, you need some compost tea brewing bags.
First, you put an amount of your organic compost into the tea bag and tie it tightly.
Then, you submerge it in the bucket of water and leave it (24 - 36 hours).
Finally, dilute your liquid and spray it onto your soil.
You also spray your plants every two weeks when the peak of the growing season starts.
Start your seeds
Organic compost can be a great environment for the seeds you're sowing.
To use them, you must first put your compost through a fine sieve.
Then, you mix it with equal amounts of fine sand and soil.
Finally, use coarser compost in the bottom of the pot for good drainage.
This soil mix recipe will provide enough nutrients for your plants.
When your plants are taller, you can transplant them outdoors that it continues to grow.
Store your organic compost
When you're not using up, storing your organic compost is a great idea.
You can store compost indefinitely, but the longer it's stored, the more nutrients it loses.
So that, your primary goal should be to prevent excess moisture and keep the material adequately aerated.
And for reusing your compost later, you need to store it properly.
It means you need to cover it while still allowing airflow to enable oxygen to allow the composting process to continue.
There are some ways to do that:
Both ways are good. It depends on the time you want to store it.
That's all for this step.
In the next step, we will choose the best garden tools for composting.
Step #5: Buying compost starter & gardening tools
Good products will help you make the composting process easy.
On the other hand, if the products are not good quality, they will cost you more effort and money.
So that, let's research it carefully.
What is a compost starter?
A compost starter is an additive that is designed to activate your compost pile.
When you need your composting process to finish faster, you should mix compost starter with other organic matter in your pile or your compost tumble.
Type of compost starter
There are different types of compost starters. You will see many popular types.
Some products are fertilizers with essentially a nitrogen source. Others are microbe compost inoculants.
And some are a mixture of both.
Certain powdered products or “meals” can also be incorporated. There is bone meal, blood meal, alfalfa meal, or soybean meal.
When should you use a compost starter?
Compost is the result of natural decomposition. It means that given enough time, anything organic will eventually rot.
When you're struggling to create a balanced mixture of organic matter, air, and water, you will need a helpful activator.
Compost starter works like a soil conditioner that will accelerate the process of your home composting materials, including manure, grass, leaves, and food waste.
If you've ever opened up your compost bin and the compost did not finish, then you need a compost starter to assure composting success.
Best compost starter
Top 1: Burpee Organic Bone Meal Fertilizer
A tried-and-true, natural source of readily available phosphorus and calcium.
It does not smell.
It stops blossom end rot completely.
It raises the PH of the soil.
Attracts animals and insects.
Burpee Organic Bone Meal Fertilizer is a suitable choice when you are looking for an activator for your own compost or want to improve soil nutrients.
To use them, you need to pay a little attention during the adding process.
If you want to add it to your soil, it's much better to spread it by hand on the soil.
After you have finished, you can use a fork to take it into the soil. And don't forget to water it.
It will slowly release this form of calcium that can be used without fear of root burn.
However, it is not a quick fix for calcium deficiency because this process can take months rather than weeks.
But for your organic compost, it's a good choice.
Top 2: Jobe's Organics Compost Starter
Organic compost starter with Biozome.
Speeds up the composting process.
No synthetic chemicals.
Not for bulk.
Jobe's Biozome is the proprietary microorganism archaea that aggressively breaks down organic material for faster results.
Adding the compost starter to garden soil wouldn't do anything because it is not for bulk.
But if you want to make your organic compost without putting in the maximum effort, this product will help.
It's a starter and will work on any type of compost so that you needn't add anything to supplement.
You can add the compost starter to each material layer or give a few turns into the compost.
Then add a sprinkle on top of the pile.
And it is up to you to decide if you need to add green or brown to keep your compost in balance.
Finally, you will have more time to do other things.
Top 3: Jobe's 06328 Bone Meal Fertilizer Spikes, 50, Natural
People and pet friendly.
Easy to use.
They will go bad if they get wet.
Jobe's 06328 Bone Meal Fertilizer Spikes will feed directly at the roots delivering vital organic nitrogen, phosphorus, and calcium.
Jobe's slow-release formula is delivered through pre-measured spikes, giving plants the correct dosage of nutrients.
It is also designed for fast, easy, and mess-free fertilizing.
To use it require the soil must be well watered before placing the wedge in the soil.
Be careful and do not overuse as you could damage your plant.
You also need to keep an eye on your dog, as he will most likely come and dig them up.
If you live in a more humid climate and try to grow plants indoors, you should use them cautiously and reduce watering.
If the spike sticks up above the soil, it gets moldy even with a fan aimed at the plants.
So that, you should put them entirely in the soil and water to reduce the smell.
Don't forget to check the directions before use.
Top 4: Espoma BM04 4lb Bone Meal
It works as a natural fertilizer.
A nice boost of nitrogen to the soil, compost, and plants.
It comes in an easy-to-open package, is of excellent quality, and is sold at a fair price.
It has water-insoluble nitrogen.
Espoma BM04 Bone Meal is an all-natural source of organic nitrogen and phosphorus. It is 100% pure, with no additives or fillers.
This is a slow-release product so that you can't expect the result in a week like other liquid plant food fertilizers.
It's really easy to use.
You sprinkle and mixing with your soil or compost.
You can add it to your compost pile or add a little of this under the roots before planting.
It will work and add extra nutrients for your mix in a time of 4 months.
Top 5: Down to Earth Blood Meal Fertilizer Mix 12-0-0
It has very little odor in the box.
Good quality and reasonably priced.
Improve crop yield.
Repel bunny and squirrels
The packaging is unreliable
Down To Earth Blood Meal is one of the quintessential, traditional organic fertilizers.
It is a potent nitrogen source, and nitrogen is essential for all types of growing plants and an adequate seasonal supply.
It only requires a small amount, so that you need to make sure that you follow application guidelines, as a blood meal may burn plants.
With your pile, you can turn the pile to aerate and spread the Blood Meal throughout and ensure it is moistened.
If the pile is primarily made up of dry, brown materials, Blood Meal can make a significant difference.
Repeat application if you do not see activity within 1-2 days.
It will promote rapid vegetative growth and helps compost piles heat up and break down fast.
Top 6: Down to Earth Organic Fish Bone Meal Fertilizer Mix 4-12-0
Excellent for all flowering plants, trees, and shrubs.
Easy to apply or mix into soil.
It does have a little bit of a fishy smell.
Down To Earth Fish Bone Meal is a marine-based alternative to traditional steamed bone meal.
It is a great source of organic phosphorus and calcium. The 4-12-0 formula will boost root development. Strong root development means plants will grow faster and be healthier because they can absorb more water and nutrients from the soil.
You can use it as an in-soil, top-dressed fertilizer or as an activator for your compost.
Once in contact with soil bacteria and fungi, it will slowly be broken down, feed to plants and micro-life that naturally occurs in soil organically.
Top 7: Dr. Earth 727 Compost Starter, Multicolor
100% natural and organic.
Creating true humus.
Safe for people and pets.
Suitable for all composting applications.
It takes time to take effect.
Dr. Earth 727 Compost Starter is excellent.
It is a superior blend of alfalfa meal, seaweed extract, and beneficial soil microbes.
When you have some problems with decomposing your materials, it will be an ideal activator.
You can sprinkle Dr. Earth 727 on each layer of material or mix them with the pile.
Dr. Earth 727 Compost Starter will speed up the decomposition of raw organic materials in your compost bin.
The best part so far is that it smells good so that you can use it indoors.
Top 8: Espoma Organic Traditions Compost Starter
Easy to use.
Need time to effect.
Espoma Organic Traditions Compost Starter derives from hydrolyzed feather meal, pasteurized poultry manure, bone meal, alfalfa meal, etc.
These are the ingredients that will make your compost pile work faster.
You should consider this product when you find that your compost pile has been entirely decomposing for a long time.
Just add it to your compost pile and let it work. You'll have your finished compost in significantly less time.
Do not forget to turn the pile and provide the necessary moisture. It is also very essential.
Top 9: Biomaster Compost-It Compost Accelerator/Starter
Suitable for all composting systems and worm farms.
Fast, effective and easy to use.
Chemical and poison free.
Need time to effect.
It was a bit pricey.
Biomaster Compost has over 60 different strains of aerobic and anaerobic as well as facultative microorganisms, which will digest many different types and forms of waste.
Its spouts pack is designed to sprinkle the accelerator across each new material layer, which has just been added to your compost.
It can also be used in old piles, drums, and tumblers to get them going again, or as a compost starter to kickstart and accelerate the composting process.
This diverse array of naturally occurring enzymes selected will turn your waste into nutrient-rich compost, which is used to feed your plants, improve your soil, and save water.
When you have some trouble with your organic compost, don't forget this product.
What is worm castings?
In some circles worm castings, also called vermicast or vermicompost, are an organic form of fertilizer produced from earthworms.
It is essentially earthworm waste, otherwise known as worm poo.
Castings from composting worms have been recognized as a natural fertilizer packed with many nutrients and minerals.
When worms eat through compost, they digest the organic materials they consume, refine them, and their waste creates an optimal soil enricher.
Worms introduce uncountable numbers of beneficial microbes and minerals such as concentrated nitrates, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, and calcium into the finished product.
It also contains humic acid and has a neutral pH of 7.0, which will help plants absorb nutrients easily.
When should you use worm castings?
Adding worm casting can help you solve some of the problems you face while growing plants.
Research conducted over several years at The Ohio State University Soil Ecology Laboratory found that worm castings enhanced germination and seedling growth.
You can create your excellent germination mixture recipes by using 20 to 30% worm castings with sand.
It will provide enough nutrients for plants to grow for at least 3 months.
In 2011, researchers at Cornell University Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology demonstrated that worm castings suppressed damping-off disease in seedlings.
You can sprinkle worm castings around the base of your plants on a large scale with a spreader or lightly dig it in, and then add water.
It will curb certain plant diseases, including root and crown rots and wilt disease, and inhibit some insect pests, including mites, aphids, and mealybugs.
If your compost has been inactive for a long time, worm casting will help.
If your compost pile breaks down too slowly, worm casting will speed that process up many times.
Just sprinkle it, turn your pile, and add some water.
It will make your composting process a lot easier.
If your soil textures are not suitable for growing plants, worm casting will be an effective soil amendment.
Are you new to gardening? Mix it with the soil you dug up earlier, then add it to your garden.
If you don't want to disturb the garden soil you prepared earlier, you can use worm casting as mulch, and it will do its job.
Best worm castings
Top 1: Worm Castings Organic Fertilizer, Wiggle Worm Soil Builder
Pure earthworm castings.
Easy to use.
All-natural organic fertilizer.
Need time to effect.
Wiggle Worm Soil Builder Pure Earthworm Castings Organic Fertilizer is an all-purpose natural fertilizer that comes to you straight from nature with no alterations whatsoever.
It provides an abundance of available nutrients and a perfect mix of nutrients that are not readily available but present for long-term nutritional needs.
Wiggle Worm Soil Builder allows plants to absorb all essential nutrients and trace elements quickly and easily.
Another benefit of Wiggle Worm Soil Builder Pure Earthworm Castings is their ability to improve soil structure.
The product's microscopic creatures will help create healthy, working soil that provides the best possible atmosphere for optimum growth.
You can mix them into the soil of newly potted plants or sprinkle some around the base of the plants already potted.
Finally, don't forget to water over it.
Worm Castings Organic Fertilizer, Wiggle Worm Soil Builder, 4.5-Pounds
Worm Castings Organic Fertilizer, Wiggle Worm Soil Builder, 30-pounds
Worm Castings Organic Fertilizer, Wiggle Worm Soil Builder, 12-pounds
Top 2: Brut Worm Farms - Worm Castings Soil Builder
Healthy microbes and bacteria.
Non-toxic and odor-free.
Easy to use.
Brut Worm Farms earthworm castings are dark, rich, pure, and high in organic matter.
This product contains abundant beneficial microorganisms and enzymes because the worms are fed a proprietary mix of organic alfalfa meal and grain.
If you only use worm castings, the plants will be spindly and leggy and won't develop the way they should.
You can use it as a top dressing around plants or mix it with the soil in your garden.
The only issue you have is the castings need to be dried out before they go through a spreader.
Also, it's good to top dress with worm castings another 2-3 times during the growing season to give the plants another dose of microbial life.
VermisTerra - Standard Earthworm Castings – Organic
Safe for children, pets, and pollinators.
Easy to use.
VermisTerra - Standard Earthworm Castings are pure and do not contain filler or compost.
Each batch of VermisTerra castings and tea is lab tested, certified organic by USDA and CDFA.
Their worms are fed green waste composted of grass and tree clippings, no manure. So that it adds beneficial microbes to the soil to help keep the plant and soil health.
Worm castings are time-released and do not burn your plants. It does not only improve airflow to plant roots but also helps the soil retain water.
To use it, you can cover it with a layer of soil or scratch it on the surface.
Finally, you should apply the worm castings every other week or every season to improve your crop.
VermisTerra Earthworm Castings - Organic (5 LB)
VermisTerra - Premium Earthworm Castings - Organic 10 LB
Top 4: Dr. Verm's Premium Worm Castings - Organic Soil Builder and Fertilizer
100% Chemical and Additive Free.
Loaded With 60+ Micro-Nutrients and Trace Minerals. Stronger plant defense.
Easy to use.
Packaging is not good.
Dr. Verm's Premium Worm Castings are carefully crafted, taking a special attention.
Their worms are fed a tightly controlled vegan diet that is 100% organic, non-GMO, and manure-free. This ensures that they produce the highest quality castings which are free from harmful compounds and pathogens.
To use it, you can mix it with the topsoil layers.
If your garden needs a mid to boost late-season, you can also spread them around the established plants. Remember not to dig too deep or disturb the established roots.
Worm castings neutralize the soil by reducing the acid-forming carbon. It increases the nitrogen to a level that plants can easily use and water-retention of soil.
Top 5: Worm Bliss Premium Vegan & Organic Earthworm Castings
Premium plant growth & protection.
100% organic, vegan and non-GMO diet-fed worms.
Easy to use.
Plantonix Worm Bliss is made through indoor earthworm casting.
They take care to feed their worms an all-organic vegan diet with 100% non-GMO food, which is manure-free.
Their worm casting is also chemical and compound free and made in a climate-controlled habitat.
This natural plant fertilizer improves water retention and resistance to harmful pests and diseases.
In this bag, you will receive the most nutrient-rich, organically harvested earthworm castings in the world.
If you're looking to promoting vigorous plant and root growth or want to improve your soil structure and aeration, you should consider Plantonix Worm Bliss.
What is a compost bin?
A compost bin, sometimes called a ‘compost digester’, is a container into which you place organic waste to add to your compost pile later.
The key to successful composting is investing in the right correct of compost bin to fit your needs.
Best compost bin
When you want to create your own organic compost to add to your garden's soil, you need a compost bin.
Top 1: iTouchless Stainless Steel
Odor & pest control.
Titanium stainless steel.
Large capacity compact design.
iTouchless Stainless Steel 1.6 Gallon is designed by industry professionals who have been inventing innovative smart housewares for decades.
iTouchless, the leaders in home waste management, always want to make the products you use every day easier, more convenient, and healthier.
iTouchless Stainless Steel 1.6 Gallon has features:
This product is also rigorously examined to ensure you're getting a high-quality product that will work perfectly for years of use.
Top 2: EPICA Stainless Steel Compost Bin
The bin is molded in one piece and resists rust and leaks.
Durable stainless steel construction to last a lifetime.
The design of the lid is not optimal.
EPICA Stainless Steel Compost Bin is a compost bin specially designed to make composting an easily implemented part of your day.
EPICA Stainless Steel Compost Bin will save space above or below your countertops with its minimalistic and small footprint.
Top 3: Utopia Kitchen Compost Bin for Kitchen Countertop
Sturdy, stylish, and sleek design.
Clean and odor free.
Easy to place and carry.
Optimal longevity and durability.
It is still stained.
It's not easy to clean.
Utopia Kitchen Compost Bin is specifically made to store all your kitchen waste, such as vegetable peelings and ,can be kept ideally on kitchen countertops or under the kitchen sink.
The built-in charcoal filter in this compost bin will retain and lock all the odor inside the canister keeping your kitchen odor-free and cleaner for longer.
Our compost bin is made from high-quality grade 201 stainless steel and won't rust, scratch or chip. The high-quality grade 201 stainless steel provides you with the most durable waste management bin that you'll ever find.
The small size and light weight make this compost bin the perfect option for your kitchen. It is easy to move and place anywhere.
With this beautiful design, you no need now to hide the waste under the cabinet or the sink.
Top 4: NEW OXO Good Grips Easy-Clean Compost Bin
Easy to clean.
Odor and pest are reducing.
With the NEW OXO Good Grips Easy-Clean Compost Bin, your composting will no longer be complicated.
This is a hard, slick plastic bin that's easy to clean.
The lid helps keep odors from escaping, and the smooth interior makes it a breeze to clean, even if you don’t use composting bags.
The convenient handle makes transporting the bin easy, and the handle folds down out of the way when not in use.
The bin is designed to keep composting bags tucked inside for a neat look, which is designed to sit on countertops, .
This product is a suitable option for those who are looking to make their own organic compost.
Top 5: Joseph Joseph 30015 Intelligent Waste Compost Bin
Easy-access flip-top lid with replaceable oder filter in lid.
Ventilated design reduces moisture & odors.
The liner-retaining hole inside keeps the liner tidy.
Sometimes, it would get fruit flies.
Joseph Joseph 30015 Intelligent Waste Compost Bin Food Waste Caddy has been carefully designed to help reduce the smell from collected food waste.
In addition, it features a replaceable odor filter in the lid that works in tandem with the fresh air to help trap any smells that do occur.
It has an easy-clean polypropylene body, a flip-top lid, and a sturdy stainless-steel handle.
This product is the perfect idea for storing on your kitchen counter.
Top 6: Addis 518250 Everyday Kitchen Food Waste Compost Caddy Bin
Hard wearing quality finish.
Easy to wipe clean.
Made in the UK with 10 year Addis guarantee.
Addis 518250 Everyday Kitchen Food Waste Compost Caddy Bin is a versatile kitchen caddy.
This is the ideal compost bin for composting food waste.
It can be used as a storage caddy. It also prevents issues with smells getting out or bugs getting in.
Complete with a convenient carry handle that will make it easy to move around.
If you want to clean or store kitchen food waste for composting discreetly, this product is one not to be missed.
Top 7: KaryHome Hanging Small Trash Can
No fruit flies.
Sturdy, stylish, and sleek design.
Durable and easy to clean.
KaryHome Hanging Small Trash Can is a excellent bin for compost.
This product is made of very sturdy plastic.
Also, it’s very easy to keep clean.
KaryHome Hanging Small Trash Can has a perfect size for composting food waste — it collects enough things before they get smelly.
It also has multiple uses.
This product can be hung on the wall with adhesive tape.
Or you can put it on the kitchen counter or floor.
You easily hang on the cupboard door with mount accessory included.
This product is a suitable option for your organic composting idea.
Top 8: Stylish Farmhouse Kitchen Compost Bin
Smell-free indoor composting.
Premium compost pail.
Easy cleaning & handling.
Superb size & farmhouse design.
Not high-quality interior enamel.
The Granrosi Stylish Farmhouse Kitchen Compost Bin is a must-have compost bin for any eco-friendly household.
This food waste container makes composting at home as easy as pie.
You use this product to collect your organic kitchen waste, such as fruit residuals, veggie peels, coffee grounds, etc., conveniently in the bucket before carrying them with the convenient handle to the outdoor composter.
This premium compost bucket is made by rustfree steel and a special coating to last for a long time to come.
With 7.1” in diameter & 11” in height, the compost bins are the perfect size for holding several days of waste while still looking great on any kitchen counter.
Now you no need to hide the bucket below your sink, as the classy black & white design is very presentable.
Are you keen on starting a sustainable, zero-waste solution for recycling your compostable organic kitchen waste?
Add the Granrosi indoor compost bin to your cart now!
What is a compost tumbler?
A compost tumbler is an enclosed container.
It is usually made of plastic and can be rotated to mix the composting materials.
A compost tumbler is excellent for maintaining relatively high temperatures in it because the container acts as insulation and the turning keeps the microbes aerated and active.
A compost tumbler greatly speeds up the process of converting kitchen and yard waste into compost.
When should you use a compost tumbler?
If you are looking to stay away from rodents, raccoons, dogs, or other critters, this is a suitable product for that problems.
A compost tumbler also keeps your compost neatly enclosed and odor-free.
The more important thing here is that it speeds up your composting process and helps you get your finished compost faster to use in your garden.
Best compost tumble
Top 1: IM4000 Dual Chamber Tumbling Composter (Black)
Easy to use.
Two composter chambers.
UV inhibited .
100% post-consumer recycled polypropylene.
The sliding door design doesn't work in the winter.
IM4000 Dual Chamber Tumbling Composter helps you to avoid digging and mixing your compost pile by hand.
The tumbling design makes mixing easy and efficient.
Two separate sides allow the first side to finish cooking while leaving the second side available to add fresh scraps/clippings.
Continuously swapping sides after finishing will create an uninterrupted flow of rich, healthy compost.
The composter body is constructed from polypropylene, and the galvanized steel frame is corrosion-resistant. It is contacted safe and will not degrade under direct sunlight.
The composter features adjustable air vents as well as deep fins to break up clumps inside the chamber and mix lots of oxygen into the compost.
It's effective for someone who has light gardening needs or does not compost a lot of stuff.
FCMP Outdoor Dual Body Tumbling Composter by HOTFROG
FCMP Outdoor 37 Gallon Chamber Quick Curing Rolling Compost Tumbler Bin for Soil
Top 2: EJWOX Garden Compost Bin
Dual-chamber compost bin.
Ingenious tumbler design.
Convenient loading height.
Sturdy powder-coated steel frame.
Too hard to rotate when it’s heavy.
Poor design for dividing into 2 compartments.
Doors are small.
EJWOX Tumbler Composter will rotate, convert your kitchen and garden waste into nutritious compost with no composting downtime.
Unique 2 chamber design allows you to fill one side while the other is curing.
Rodent-proof design. Built-in sliding doors for easier access and keep track of each batch.
A powder-coated steel frame provides a sturdy base for the large bin. Galvanized steel feet prevent rusting and deterioration.
It is ideally suited for small yards and for people not wanting to mix the organic waste in their traditional compost bins.
Top 3: Miracle-Gro Dual Chamber Compost Tumbler
Dual-chamber compost tumbler.
Sturdy plastic and durable.
Easy to assemble and use.
No printed instructions.
Miracle-Gro Dual Chamber Compost Tumbler is here to make composting easy for beginners and seasoned green thumbs alike!
This product will give your plants the nutrient-dense fertilizer they crave and watch your garden bloom like never before!
Top 4: SQUEEZE Large Compost Tumbler Bin
Easy to use.
Super high quality.
There are no step-by-step instructions.
SQUEEZE Large Compost Tumbler Bin is made of high-quality recyclable PP, and the cold resistance is greatly improved.
Its maximum load-bearing is 352Lb. The frame is made of high-quality steel.
The height about the bottom of the tumbler and the ground is about 13.2 inches.
It smells odorless, easier to use and rotate.
The compost tumbler has very high quality cause their R&D engineers have tested it many times before production, every aspect has excellent performance.
Top 5: VIVOSUN Tumbling Composter
Creative tumbling design.
Sturdy & durable construction.
Garden gloves included.
The VIVOSUN Supply Compost Tumbler has an intelligent design and high-quality materials, making this new compost tumbler super effective and easy to use.
You fill it up with your garden refuse and kitchen scraps, slide the door closed and give it a turn every couple of days.
Finally, you will have your finished organic compost very quickly.
Top 6: RSI MCT-MC Maze Compost Tumbler, Black
Made from UV high impact plastic.
Large clearance area underneath.
Easy turning adjustable built-in air vents in the drum.
Durable framework designed not to rust over time.
Sliding dual loading/ unloading doors on the drum.
RSI MCT-MC Maze Compost Tumbler is ideal for continuous composting.
The large 65-gallon capacity is divided into to sections, allowing for new compost material to be added to a fresh and empty bin while the first bin is making compost.
The easy to crank ratcheted handle allows for one-way cranking.
The geared ratio on the handle allows for easy movement even when filled.
The UV-protected high-impact plastic is designed to last for years.
If you are planning to make your organic compost, this is an ideal option you should consider.
In the previous steps, you already know that the secret to perfect compost is getting it to the right temperature.
The higher the heat, the faster your materials will break down. But you don't want your compost pile too hot because it will kill microorganisms.
A compost thermometer will tell you when your organic compost is "cooked".
What is a compost thermometer?
A compost thermometer is a great help when you are creating your hot compost piles.
It will allow you to see the temperature of your compost pile at any time.
And all you need to do is maintain the correct temperature in your pile.
Best compost thermometer
Top 1: REOTEMP Backyard Compost Thermometer
Read at a glance dial.
Poor quality box.
REOTEMP Backyard Compost Thermometer takes the guesswork out of composting.
REOTEMP has been manufacturing accurate and durable composting equipment for 20+ years.
REOTEMP partnered with composting experts to develop the compost activity ranges highlighted on the dial.
With a basic understanding of the temperature at the center of your compost pile (steady, active, or hot), you will know:
This product is one of the most accurate and durable backyard models on the market.
If you are making your organic compost, this product will fit you.
REOTEMP Backyard Compost Thermometer - with PDF Composting Guide (Fahrenheit) (16 Inch Stem)
REOTEMP Backyard Pro Compost Thermometer, 36 Inch Stem, with PDF Composting Guide (0-200 Fahrenheit)
REOTEMP Heavy Duty Compost Thermometer - Fahrenheit and Celsius (36 Inch Stem), Made in The USA
REOTEMP Backyard Compost Thermometer - 20 Inch Stem, with Composting Instructions (Celsius)
Top 2: Cate's Garden Premium Stainless Steel Bimetal Thermometer
Clear, accurate dial.
Long quality stem.
Cate's Garden Premium Compost Thermometer lets you know the temperature and health of your compost pile.
With this thermometer, you will know the inner workings of your pile and correct any problems and imbalances to speed up the soil-making process.
Knowing the temperature will let you knowwhen to water, when to add more materials, when it needs turning, and when the compost is ready to use in your garden.
Place the stem into the middle of your pile to get an accurate reading.
If you're having problems with your compost pile's temperature, here's the solution.
Top 3: Compost Soil Thermometer by Greenco
Clear, accurate dial.
Not hermetically sealed.
Greenco Gardening Premium Compost Thermometer lets you know the temperature and health of your compost pile.
This product is made of high-quality 304 stainless steel.
It is easy to read and gives the best accuracy between 80 and 160F degrees.
Place the stem into the middle of your pile to get an accurate reading.
This product is also a good choice when you are looking for a compost thermometer.
Top 4: Cootway Compost Thermometer
Waterproof and sealed.
Long sturdy stem.
Digital composting temperature guide.
Cootway Compost Thermometer is the perfect thermometer for beginner composters.
The 20" long stem and reinforced structure will prevent separating the dial from the stem.
That means you can measure your compost pile easily.
The thermometer is hermetically sealed, which means it won't fog up if you clean it with water and can stay overnight in the compost.
It included a digital compost guide zone to get you started with composting.
This thermometer is one of the best options you can count on.
Step #6: Solving your compost problems
You already know that no one can practice and be successful the first time.
So do you and me.
You may experience some problems with your organic compost, but don't worry.
Let's solve that with some great ideas.
Problems with moisture
If your compost pile is dense or water-logged, it will not contain enough oxygen for the microorganisms to survive.
Aerobic bacteria, the tiny microorganisms that make your pile decompose, will not live in such an oxygen-poor environment.
The reason is usually to blame poor aeration, or adding too much fresh material, instead of a balanced mix of fresh and dry materials.
There are some tips for you:
If your compost pile is too dry, it will stop decomposing.
When initially building the pile, you should wet each layer with amounts of water.
Because your organic compost will not get enough moisture to support the bacterial life by the time.
If your pile is too dry, turning and watering your dormant pile will bring it to life quickly.
You also easily check it.
First, put on your gardening gloves and grab some compost on hand.
Then, you squeeze it slightly.
When your compost has the damp feel of a wrung-out sponge, you're good to go.
If it does not, you should add more water.
Problems with temperature
Low pile temperature
In this issue, your compost pile won't heat up.
Maybe the reason is your pile is too small. You need to increase its size by adding greens and browns materials.
The materials may be too dry. It leads to insufficient moisture in a pile to decompose. You should add water to the pile.
If the reason is poor aeration, you need to turn the pile or add aeration piping, depending on the pile's size.
Another possibility is that the pile may be low in nitrogen.
In this case, you should replenish the nitrogen content of your pile with greens materials.
If it happens to be the middle of winter, cold weather may be the problem.
Then you need to insulate and cover the pile with gardening tools. It will protect the microbes from cold weather and keep them active.
High pile temperature
Excessive nitrogen can cause your compost to heat up very quickly.
The pile is too large and insufficient ventilation can cause that too. In this case, you need to add browns materials to cool it down.
Then, you should reduce your pile size, add water, and turn the pile more frequently.
Problems with smell
This is the most recognizable and common problem in the composting process.
The question is, what kind of stink is it?
There is nothing complicated here.
You need to recognize them and handle them according to the tips below.
Your problem will be solved.
My compost smells like ammonia
If your organic compost smells like that, it may contain too much nitrogen (greens).
You can remove some greens, allow them to lie out, then reincorporate them into the pile in a few days.
You can also add dry brown materials such as fallen leaves, wood chips, or straw to the pile.
Finally, don't forget to turn your pile.
My compost smells like rotten eggs
Exposed or inappropriate food scraps cause this problem.
What you need to do is removing meat, dairy, or other inappropriate material.
Finally, cover food scraps with a thick layer of browns.
It will prevent odors and continue to be decomposed by microorganisms.
Problems with insect pests
Added contaminated materials may cause this problem.
To solve this problem, ensuring that the material is chopped small before adding it to the pile.
If you want to add wood materials, make sure it is not contaminated with termites, carpenter ants or other insects.
Besides that, you also make sure food scraps are covered in a layer of browns.
It will prevent the compost pile from attracting harmful insects.
To get these bugs out of your compost, you should raise the heap's temperature to above 120°F by adding green material with a layer of brown each time something is added.
If your finished compost is infested with insect pests, spread the compost in a thin layer on a tarp in direct sunlight and leave it there to dry.
These pests will go quickly.
Finally, adding more water to the pile while turning.
Problems with animal pests
The compost bin or pile isn't adequately covered, food scraps are exposed, or you add the wrong food scraps to the pile can lead to this issue.
With that, you can easily cover the compost pile by using a tarp or hardware cloth.
You can also add more layers of browns materials to cover food scraps to solve this problem.
Keeping it in a compost bin or compost tumbler is a great way to prevent animal pests.
With burrowing animals, you need to make sure your barrier or steel grid reaches 6 to 8 inches into the ground.
Finally, remove meat, dairy, and fatty foods from your pile for best results if you are still having trouble.
You are now complete step #6.
This chapter will solve the most common problems that you struggled.
To end this guide, let's go to the final step.
Step #7: Handle some excellent organic composting tips
This is the last part.
In this step, you will have handy tips while making compost.
They will save you more effort and money.
Especially the rainwater is contained in the barrel.
It's a free resource and will make it more convenient for you when adding water to the pile.
Because bits of decomposing vegetable scraps and other organic matter can cling to the insides and cause it to smell.
Even compost receptacles with tight-fitting lids can attract insect pests if they're left for too long.
When your compost pile is dry, dump the rinse water on it.
This solution will solve two problems at once.
Don't confuse your compost bins with your compost pile.
Compost bins are not designed to make it easy for gardeners to turn (mix) the composting materials.
A compost bin is not a composter, and if you try to use it as one, you'll have a stinky mess on your hands (and your kitchen counter).
If you want all in one, a compost tumbler are a great choice.
After adding layers of greens or browns materials, you should sprinkle some activator onto the pile and moisten it with water.
Activators contain both protein and nitrogen, and they'll aid the bacteria and microorganisms with breaking organic matter into compost faster.
The activators could be alfalfa meal, blood meal, cottonseed meal, bone meal, and manure.
When you put a lot of the same thing in your compost, it will be uniform in nutrients and microbes.
The diverse materials will make the finished compost more nutritious.
It will provide enough for your plants for a long time.
If you are a beginner, you should stick with plant waste until you feel you've mastered the composting process.
You can use a compost bin with a lid in the kitchen to collect nitrogen materials before adding them to the pile.
If fruit flies are a problem indoors, your compost container is probably not airtight.
Make sure it has a tight-fitting lid that gets sealed shut after being opened.
After collecting enough materials, you should create an entire pile at once.
If the plants are weed, pull them up and toss them back into the unfinished compost.
If the plants are useful breed you want to keep, you should transplant them to your garden.
Microorganisms are the crux of the decomposition process.
Composting bacteria work best under neutral to acidic conditions, with pH ranging from 5.5 to 8.
You can add ashes and lime to your compost bin to increase alkaline or add pine needles and oak leaves to increase acid.
You can use finished compost to build soil anytime of year without fear of burning plants or polluting water.
In the garden, there is no such thing as too much compost.
However, it would help if you gave the compost time to integrate and stabilize within the soil.
Then your plants will use it better.
Another way to speed up the decomposing of your compost is to use worm castings.
Redworms do best if the pH is around 7.0 but can tolerate levels from 4.2 to 8.0 or higher.
They can live their whole lives in the dark and love the moist atmosphere of a vermicompost or compost heap, eating the waste material you put in and converting it into liquid feed and compost.
They will do their job. All you need to do is wait and relax.
You may or may not be successful at first making your compost.
There are many things going on in your garden and home that you can not control.
Jotting down notes about what does and doesn't work on your compost journey is a great way.
It will make your life is easy, entertaining, and you can avoid repeating mistakes.
You are now complete the seven steps organic composting guides.
At this moment, you can make your compost and handle the problems during the time you do it.
These are the 7 easy steps to help you make your own organic compost.
This guide tells you what organic compost is and the difference between hot composting and cold composting.
You already know how to create your first compost pile, after all.
Now, it's your turn. Are you planning to make hot or cold compost?
Or have you found a way to solve your composting problems?
Anyway, let me know by leaving a comment below.
See you soon.